Family Health
Bookmark and Share
Neoplasms Disorders
Acute Leukemia
Basal Cell Epithelioma
Bladder Cancer
Breast Cancer
Cervical Cancer
Chronic Granulocytic Leukemia
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Colorectal Cancer
Esophageal Cancer
Gastric Cancer
Hodgkin's Disease
Kaposi's Sarcoma
Kidney Cancer
Laryngeal Cancer
Liver Cancer
Lung Cancer
Malignant Brain Tumors
Malignant Lymphomas
Malignant Melanoma
Multiple Myeloma
Ovarian Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Pituitary Tumors
Primary Malignant Bone Tumors
Prostatic Cancer
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Testicular Cancer
Thyroid Cancer
Uterine Cancer
Vaginal Cancer

Gastric Cancer

What is Gastric Cancer ?

Gastric Cancer is also called stomach cancer, which can develop in any part of the stomach and may spread throughout the stomach and to other organs, particularly the esophagus, small intestine, and can extend through the stomach wall to nearby lymph nodes and organs (e.g., liver, pancreas, colon). It also can metastasize to other parts of the body (e.g., lungs, ovaries, bones).

Causes of Gastric Cancer

Although the cause of gastric cancer is unknown, predisposing factors, such as gastritis with gastric atrophy, increase the risk. Genetic factors also have been implicated. People with type A blood have a 10% increased risk, and the disease occurs more commonly in people with a family history of such cancer. Dietary factors also seem to have an effect. For instance, certain types of food preparation and preservation (especially smoked foods, pickled vegetables, and salted fish and meat) and physical properties of some foods increase the risk. High alcohol consumption and smoking increase the chances of developing gastric cancer.

Signs & Symptoms of Gastric Cancer

Early stomach cancer usually does not cause symptoms (i.e., is asymptomatic). Symptoms usually indicate advanced disease and include the following:

  • Abdominal discomfort or pain
  • Blood in stool
  • Bloating (especially after eating)
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Fatigue
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Indigestion or heartburn
  • Loss of appetite (anorexia)
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Weight loss

Diagnostic Tests

  • Fecal occult blood test
  • Barium X-rays of the GI tract with fluoroscopy
  • Gastroscopy
  • A stool test that is positive for blood
  • Gastric acid stimulation test
  • An EGD (esophagogastroduodenoscopy) and biopsy showing gastric cancer

Certain other studies may rule out specific organ metastases. These include computed tomography scans, chest X-rays, liver and bone scans, and liver biopsy.


Surgical removal of the stomach (gastrectomy) is the only curative treatment. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy may be beneficial. A recent study showed that for many patients, chemotherapy and radiation therapy given after surgery improve the chance of a cure.

For patients in whom surgery is not an option, chemotherapy or radiation can improve symptoms. For some patients, a surgical bypass procedure may provide relief of symptoms.

Prevention Tips

Although it may not be possible to prevent stomach cancer, the following steps can help reduce your risk:

  • Limit alcohol consumption
  • Avoiding smoking may reduce risk.
  • Emphasize fruits and vegetables.
  • Limit red meat.

(c)Copyright All rights reserved

Disclaimer :- The content in this web site are in no way intended to replace the professional medical care, advice, diagnosis or treatment of a doctor. The web site is build for information and educational purpose only. If you are ill from any disease or notice medical symptoms, you should consult your doctor. We will not be liable for any complications or other medical accidents arising from or in connection with the use of or reliance upon any information in this web site.